Skin Problems
 
Nail Problems and Treatment

1. WHAT CAUSES NAIL INFECTION?

The commonest nail infection is fungal nail infection. Fungal nail infection can affect the finger and toe nails. The infection reaches the nail plate from the free margin and sides of the nails. The nail plate may become brittle, thickened or completely destroyed.

Viral infection causes warts on the nail fold and the nail bed.

2. WHAT IS PARONYCHIA?

Paronychia is an inflammation of the nail folds. Nail fold damage usually results from injury to the proximal nail fold. Causes of injury include habit biting and constant wet work. People whose hands are exposed to water most of the time, e.g. housewives, canteen operators, cooks are more prone to develop paronychia.

Secondary infection by bacteria or fungus will cause painful swelling of the nail fold. If the infection had been there for a long time, the nail plate becomes deformed.

3. WHAT IS NAIL PSORIASIS?

Nail changes in psoriasis are very varied. They may appear as pits on the nail plate. The nail plate may be separated from the nail bed (onycholysis). The nail may lose its normal lustre and appear discoloured. Gross thickening of the nail is another feature of psoriasis. Typical psoriasis rash would often be present on the fingers, toes and elsewhere on the body.

4. WHAT ARE THE OTHER COMMON NAIL PROBLEMS?

The nail can be damaged by nail-biting, habit-tic e.g. scratching the nail folds, bad manicuring or industrial accident. Damaged nails may appear ridged or cracked or broken.

Other problems are onycholysis and ingrown nails.

5. What are the treatments for nail problems?

Prescription medications are given for nail infections. Good hygiene and proper nail care is important. Sometimes laser surgery is needed.
 
...................................................
290 Orchard Road
#11-16/20, Paragon Medical Suites
Singapore 238859
T : 6834 9159
Email: drjoyce@joycelim.com
 
...................................................
290 Orchard Road
#11-16/20, Paragon Medical Suites
Singapore 238859
T : 6834 9159
Email: drjoyce@joycelim.com