Skin Problems
 
Red Face Treatment

» Rosacea
1. WHAT IS ROSACEA?



Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that typically affects women between the ages of 30 - 50 years. It is more common in fair skinned people of European descent although it is increasing seen among Asians. Early rosacea manifests as diffuse background redness and flushing. In the later stages broken capillaries or fine blood vessels are seen on the nose, the cheeks, the forehead and the chin. Acneiform papules and pustules are seen. Patients may have a sensitive skin, burning/stinging sensation or watery eyes. Eye involvement occurs in over half the patients with rosacea

In men rosacea may be more severe with large inflammatory nodules resulting in thickening of the skin.

2. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF ROSACEA?

The exact cause of rosacea is unknown. Exposure to certain climates, radiation (including UV radiation) resulting in vessel wall abnormalities may play a role in the development of the disease. Previously, it was believed that Helicobacter pylori, the bacteria that causes stomach ulcers, was involved. However more recent studies show that it may be caused by a mite called Demodex folliculorum.

3. WHAT ARE THE TRIGGER FACTORS?

The commonest trigger factors are foods, extremes of weather, sunlight, stress, heavy physical exercises and hormonal (like hot flushes and menopause). Foods that trigger rosacea include alcohol, spicy/chilli foods, hot drinks, liver, cheese and yogurt. Certain skin care regimes and sunscreen can trigger rosacea too.

4. WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR ROSACEA?

Treatment include avoiding trigger factors, prescription creams and oral medication and the pulse dye laser

» Other Causes of Red Faces
1. WHAT IS SEBORRHOEIC DERMATITIS?



In seborrhoeic dermatitis the face is often itchy, scaly and red. It is a form of eczema

2. WHAT IS ALCOHOL FLUSH?

Some asians show signs of facial flushing immediately after drinking alcohol. This redness is not rosacea and is temporary. It is caused by decreased activity of the enzyme that breaks down alcohol to aldehyde (alcohol dehydrogenase) and decrease breakdown of aldehyde (deficient aldehyde dehydrogenase).

3. WHAT IS THE BUTTERFLY RASH?

Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder that can affect many organs. On the face it causes a rash that spreads across the cheeks and nose and spares the forehead (the butterfly rash). The rash gets worse on sun exposure.

4. WHAT ARE THE OTHER COMMON CAUSES OF RED FACE?

Red face can be seen in viral infections in children, in skin allergy, in hives, and in port wine stain

 
...................................................
290 Orchard Road
#11-16/20, Paragon Medical Suites
Singapore 238859
T : 6834 9159
Email: drjoyce@joycelim.com
 
...................................................
290 Orchard Road
#11-16/20, Paragon Medical Suites
Singapore 238859
T : 6834 9159
Email: drjoyce@joycelim.com